COMPETENCY-BASED CURRICULUM MODEL FOR TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET) IN NIGERIA
Dr. Aniedi Daniel Usoro & Caleb Emmanuel Ezekiel
University Of Uyo, Uyo
This paper reviews the guidelines for a competency-based curriculum model for Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Nigeria. Competency-Based Training (CBT) is demand driven education and training programme based on industry generated concrete standard (Occupational Standards). These industry standards are the basis upon which the programme (curriculum), assessment and learning packages are developed. However, there appears to be a mismatch between skills obtained in TVET institutions and that demanded by industries, in trying to fill the gap, competency-based training has been called up to the rescue by TVET experts. The paper did a comparison of the competency-based model as against the traditional model. This paper considered the design issues in competency-based curriculum and developed a framework for implementing a competency based curriculum. The paper also considers need for the adoption of competency based curriculum in Nigeria, the issue of assessment in competency-based training and evaluation. The paper concluded that Competence Based Education (CBE) is a systematic yet flexible approach. It focuses on defining in measurable terms what students are to learn and then evaluating how well they can perform designated tasks after instruction. It recommended among others that Curriculum planners in TVET such as the National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) should adopt the competency based curriculum approach for Nigerian schools.
Keywords: Competency-Based Training, Competency-Based Curriculum, Competency-Based Assessment, Framework, Curricula